Athletes Using Routines or Superstitions?

sports psychology certification
Dr. Patrick Cohn with Golfer

Use Preshot Routines to Improve Consistency

I was asked the following question by a recent MGCP graduate about routines…

“How do you explain, in concrete words to athletes, how a preshot routine helps performance versus superstitions?”

Do your athletes have to eat the exact same meal for good luck prior to competition like Wade Boggs did?

Do you athletes have to wear their lucky white shoes or shirt or socks in competition?

Superstitions are behaviors or rituals athletes repeat prior competition in the hope of bringing good luck.

Most superstitions are irrational and not based in reality or science.

They give athletes a sense of luck, but some athletes and coaches would say that superstitions also give them confidence and belief.

Most superstitions are just habits that have no scientific research to back up the claim that they actually work.

On the other hand, preshot routines are overt and covert behaviors athletes perform prior to a self-paced skill.

For example, preshot routines are used to prepare for a golf shot, basketball free throw, field goal, pitch, race motto, dive, gymnastics routine, or any other sports tasks.

The purpose of routines is to help athletes be focused, confident, make good decisions, and trust their skills.

Unlike superstitions, routines help improve consistency in performance for athletes. They are based on science and not on good luck or over generalizations.

When superstitions fail to work, athletes tend to discard their rituals and look for something else to bring them luck.

What’s wrong with taking “luck” into competition? Don’t your athletes feel more confident when lucky?

The problem is that athletes have no control over luck. Superstitions are a false association to something that’s worked for them in the past to bring about good performances.

You instead want to encourage your athletes to buy into routines, not superstitions or rituals. The problem is that athletes are a superstitious group in general.

Preshot Routines Are:

  • Based on science, not luck.
  • Useful for helping athletes organize their thinking.
  • Great for mental preparation in stop and go sports.
  • Needed to enhance consistency of performance.
  • An excellent way to integrate mental skills into performance.

In the MGCP program, we discuss how athletes can integrate mental skills into their performance by using routines. This makes mental training more concrete for athletes and less abstract.

Anytime you can apply mental skills to performance in practice or games, you are helping your athletes improve the usefulness of mental training.

What’s Included in The Sports Psychology Certification Course

  • The MGCP 20-chapter workbook including exercises to teach you how to identify mental game challenges and obstacles that influence performance; develop mental skills individual and team members; and improve teamwork and communication.
  • MGCP Summaries, outlines and flow charts to help you understand the over mental coaching process and the phases of mental coaching taught by Dr. Cohn.
  • Examples of mental imagery programs (hockey, dog handling, and golf) including how to create imagery scripts and audio programs for your athletes.
  • A series of sports psychology e-books on goal setting, confidence, focus, pregame and pre-shot routines.
  • Use of Dr. Cohn’s Athlete’s Mental Aptitude Profile (AMAP) and GMAP (golfer’s version), to help you identify an athlete’s or team’s mental game strengths and weaknesses.
  • Use of the Team Cohesion Aptitude Profile (TCAP) to assess team cohesion; and a sports parent’s profile to use with sports parents.
  • Examples of pre-seminar questionnaires to use before you give a seminar to a group to help you identify mental game challenges and areas to teach..
  • Over 160 mental game coaching “handouts” or one-page summaries and worksheets you can use to help you stay organized during sessions and as summaries for your student or team.
  • 15 real-life case studies focusing on a different challenge in sports psychology and Dr. Cohn’s solution to each. You understand the real-life issues with athletes and how to address their mental game barriers.

Apply for sports psychology certification today!

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